Why do the finger joints hurt and what to do?

The human hand is the most perfect tool that nature and evolution have invented. With the help of this "tool", an absolute number of manipulations are carried out that are necessary for life: from everyday to the most subtle. Because of this, the appearance of pain in the joints of the hands is a significant problem that overshadows the most common things.

Pain in the finger joints

Causes of Possible Pain

Of course, pain syndrome does not arise from scratch and is caused by various lesions, such as:

  • Arthritis;
  • Rheumatism;
  • Arthrosis;
  • Gout;
  • various bruises, dislocations, sprains and other mechanical damage.


In addition to the manifestation of pain, the main signs of arthritis of the fingers include swelling, swelling and severe redness of the skin over the affected joint. By the nature of the conditions that cause arthritis, the disease is divided into infectious and rheumatoid.

Infectious arthritis

The cause of this manifestation is contamination with toxins and bacteria. Which entered the joint with the blood or lymph flow. Therefore, the best prevention that will prevent infection from entering the bloodstream is to adhere to basic rules of hygiene and asepsis. Otherwise, the affected joints are treated with antibiotics.

In addition, it is very important to understand one rule: if arthritis is suspected, it is necessary to diagnose all adjacent tissues: ligaments, tendons and blood vessels, as well as forearm, shoulder joint and wrist. Because the prerequisites for pain in the wrists can be hidden in the malfunction of the joint joints of a single extremity.

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a result of the combined effects of various harmful factors such as infection, vigorous physical activity and an unhealthy lifestyle. All of these factors usually increase with age, making a person's joints "ticks", causing pain. In principle, there is now no effective method of treating this disease, but remission is possible.


Rheumatism is known as a very uncomfortable sudden sharp pain. He brought this sharpness of his manifestations into the finger joints, accompanied the whole process with redness, swelling and restricted freedom of movement. In addition, there is a possible rash and an increase in body temperature, and a complete picture of the disease is drawn, the treatment of which is already possible only with the help of a doctor.


This disease is characterized by a gradual deformation of the articular joints in the hands. The disease develops gradually: at first there is slight pain, which gradually increases over the years, accompanied by a feeling of stiffness in the joints and gradual difficulty moving the wrists, especially in the fingers. One of the most obvious signs is the symmetry of the pain: the joints hurt in both hands, and the thumbs are affected first, and then everything in turn.

Gout on the hands

This reason is usually characteristic of the ankle joints, but it often occurs in the wrist joints. Gout is caused by a large deposition of purines in the tissues of the joint and synovial fluid, purines are found in fatty meat products - this means that the cause of the disease may be due to improper eating habits.

In general, all diseases lead to the following process: the thumb joint begins to suffer pain syndrome, and over time all other fingers experience pain, at first the pain causes slight discomfort, but over time it increases under the influence of external and internal factors(Cold, heat, fatigue) and means that even the simplest finger manipulations are impossible.

It's a shame, but especially when their fingers are almost giving up, most people turn to clinics for qualified help.

Used to treat pain in the finger joints

If there is a problem with painful finger joints, its solution is only possible with your own request and qualified services from a rheumatologist or osteopath. It is these two doctors who will prescribe specific procedures and medications depending on the degree of the lesion.

The list of elementary measures for pain in the hands:

  • Visit to the doctor (surgeon, rheumatologist, osteopath);
  • Independent use of chondoprotectors;
  • The use of pain relief;
  • Self-help gymnastics exercises that allow you to gently develop the joints of the hands.

Chondoprotectors are special substances that replace and restore the damaged cartilage tissue. This effect is achieved through the specific composition of the preparations, the active substance of which comes very close to the structure of the cartilage. In addition, the effect of the drug is enhanced by the content of mineral and vitamin complexes, as well as extracts from medicinal herbs and plants, which can eliminate inflammation and pain, increase the overall tone of the joints.

Pain relief is usually used in situations where the pain is so severe that a normal life becomes impossible. The pain can spread in foci to the wrist, forearm, and shoulder.

An important rule in gymnastic manipulations is a gradual increase in the load from the smallest. In addition, the load increases proportionally to the abilities of the joints under the supervision of the attending physician, self-control and correct calculation of one's own strength are also important.

  • If the pain is caused by the manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis, the most drastic measure is surgical treatment. Although in a very large percentage of cases, physiotherapy of the affected joint, heat and acupuncture give very good results. It has been proven that gymnastics and swimming are just as good at dulling rheumatoid arthritis and significantly slowing the progression of the disease.
  • Lesions caused by osteoarthritis are somewhat more difficult to treat, as they are associated with deformations and the loss of synovial fluid (synovial fluid). Against the background of these manifestations, the breakdown of tissues around the joint begins. Treatment involves an integrated approach to the use of non-steroidal pain relievers. If the pain is severe, pain relief can be applied internally. The intake of chondoprotectors is also mandatory. An arthroscopic procedure is mandatory - local opening of the joint and visualization of the processes in the joint and their image on the screen.

It must be remembered that a diabolical attitude at the initial stage leads to a complication of treatment and a possible loss of the ability to work of the hands. Wrists, like others, need to be cared for from a young age.